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Upper and lower Back Pain ICD10

What is Back Pain?

Back pain can stem from various causes, including muscle strain, disk damage, and health conditions like scoliosis, osteoporosis, arthritis, and unusual curvature of the spine.

Causes for Back Pain

Common reasons for this pain include

  • poor posture
  • heavy lifting
  • abrupt movements
  • structural issues like ruptured or bulging disks, sciatica, arthritis, and spinal stenosis

Additionally, factors like

  • age
  • lack of exercise
  • excess weight
  • diseases
  • improper lifting
  • psychological conditions
  • smoking

Symptoms of back pain

Symptoms of back pain can range from a dull ache to shooting pain, and in some cases, it can be chronic or indicate a serious medical problem.

Seeking medical attention is crucial if pain persists, spreads down the legs, causes weakness or numbness, or is accompanied by other concerning symptoms like unexplained weight loss or loss of bowel or bladder control.

Treatment options

Treatment options for back pain include

  • rest
  • medications
  • physical therapy
  • lifestyle changes like improving posture, core strengthening exercises, and reducing stress on the spine by carrying less weight

Upper Back Pain

Upper back pain is a common condition that can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  • Poor posture, especially from sitting for long periods with the shoulders hunched forward. This puts more pressure on the spine’s bones, discs, muscles, and ligaments.
  • Muscle strain or ligament sprain from overuse, such as from lifting heavy objects improperly or doing strenuous activities above shoulder level.
  • Injury or trauma from an accident, fall, or sports collision that damages the spinal bones, discs, muscles, ligaments, or nerves.
  • Underlying medical conditions like osteoporosis, arthritis, herniated discs, or spinal stenosis.

Symptoms of upper back pain include

  • localized tightness
  • throbbing
  • aching
  • sharp pain between the base of the neck and bottom of the rib cage

The pain may also radiate to the arms, cause headaches, or make it painful to take deep breaths.

Most cases of upper back pain can be managed with home treatments like over-the-counter pain medication, applying heat or ice, gentle stretching, and improving posture. However, seek medical attention if the pain is severe, persists for more than a few days, or is accompanied by numbness, tingling, weakness, fever, or difficulty breathing.

Upper Right Back Pain

  • Upper right back pain can be caused by various factors such as muscle strain, herniated discs, osteoarthritis, and spinal issues like scoliosis or spinal infections.
  • It can range from mild to severe, affecting daily activities and mobility.
  • Common causes include poor posture, muscle overuse, traumatic injuries, herniated discs, pinched nerves, scoliosis, osteoarthritis, myofascial pain, spinal infections, and in rare cases, lung cancer.
  • Treatment options vary depending on the underlying cause and may include lifestyle changes, physical therapy, medications, and in severe cases, surgery. If the pain persists, worsens, or is accompanied by other symptoms like weakness or numbness, it is crucial to seek medical attention promptly to rule out serious conditions.

Upper Left Back Pain

  • Upper left pain is a common condition that can be caused by a variety of factors. It is often characterized by a dull ache or sharp stabbing pain in the muscles of the upper back, particularly on the left side.
  • Some common causes of upper left back pain include age, poor posture, muscle injuries, lack of exercise, bone spurs, smoking, obesity etc.
  • Symptoms include general discomfort, stiffness and pain.
  • Simple home remedies such as stretching, heat or cold therapy, and proper posture can help alleviate mild cases of upper left back pain.
  • For more severe or chronic cases, medical treatment may involve physical therapy, pain management, or surgery, depending on the underlying cause.
  • Diagnosis typically involves a physical examination, medical history, and imaging tests such as X-rays or MRIs to identify the underlying cause of the pain.
  • It is essential to consult a doctor if the pain persists or worsens over time to rule out any serious underlying conditions.


Lower Back Pain

Lower back pain is a common condition that can result from various causes, including injuries, conditions, and diseases.

Causes of Lower Back Pain

  • Injuries: Strains or sprains to muscles and tendons are common causes of lower back pain. These injuries can occur suddenly, such as during a specific event like bending to pick something up, or gradually over time due to repetitive activities.
  • Arthritis: Arthritis, including conditions like spondylitis and spondylosis, can cause lower back pain due to inflammation and degeneration of spinal joints.
  • Structural Problems: Issues with the spine, such as herniated discs, can also cause lower pain.
  • Diseases: Certain diseases like fibromyalgia, kidney and bladder problems, endometriosis, and cancer can also cause this pain.
  • Lifestyle Factors: Maintaining a healthy weight, staying active, and avoiding injuries can help reduce the risk of lower back pain.

Symptoms of Lower Back Pain

  • Pain: Lower back pain can range from mild to severe and may radiate to the buttocks or down the legs (sciatica).
  • Stiffness: Stiffness in the lower back, especially after periods of inactivity, is a common symptom.
  • Limited Movement: Pain and stiffness can limit movement and make everyday activities difficult.
  • Radiating Pain: Pain can radiate from the lower back to the legs or feet, which may indicate conditions like sciatica.

Diagnosis and Treatment

  • Physical Exam: A doctor will typically perform a physical exam to assess the range of motion, reflexes, and any signs of nerve damage.
  • Imaging Tests: Imaging tests like X-rays, MRIs, or CT scans may be ordered to rule out broken bones or other damage.
  • Rest and Ice: Rest, ice, and over-the-counter pain relievers are often recommended for initial treatment.
  • Physical Therapy: Physical therapy can help with recovery and strengthening the back muscles.
  • Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair structural problems or relieve pressure on nerves.

Prevention of Lower Back Pain

  • Maintaining a Healthy Weight: Keeping a healthy weight can reduce the risk of this pain.
  • Staying Active: Regular exercise and physical activity can help strengthen the back muscles and reduce the risk of injury.
  • Good Body Mechanics: Using proper body mechanics during daily activities can also help prevent lower back pain.


  • Acute Pain: Most acute lower back pain resolves with simple self-care treatments, such as rest and pain relievers.
  • Chronic Pain: Chronic lower pain can persist for months or years and may require ongoing treatment and management.
  • Surgery: Surgery can be effective in relieving pain and improving quality of life for people with chronic lower pain.

Additional Factors

Weather: Some people may experience worsening lower back pain due to changes in barometric pressure and outdoor temperature.

Kidney Pain: Kidney pain can sometimes be mistaken for lower back pain, and a thorough examination is necessary to distinguish between the two.


Lower back pain is a common condition with various causes and symptoms. Understanding the causes, symptoms, and treatment options can help individuals manage their pain effectively and prevent future episodes.

Upper and lower Back Pain ICD10

For the diagnosis of upper and lower back pain, the ICD-10-CM codes are:

  • 5: Low back pain
  • 50: Low back pain, unspecified
  • 9: Dorsalgia, unspecified

These codes are used for reimbursement purposes and are applicable for dates of service on or after October 1, 2015.


1: Why back pain is more common in females?

Back pain is more common in females due to various factors specific to women’s health. Hormonal fluctuations, pregnancy, poor posture, osteoarthritis, endometriosis, menstrual cramps, and conditions like fibromyalgia and piriformis syndrome contribute to the higher prevalence of back pain in women. Women’s unique health concerns, such as pelvic inflammatory disease, pyelonephritis, and injuries like sprains and strains, also play a role in causing back pain. Additionally, women’s lower center of gravity makes them more susceptible to lumbar injuries. Hormonal changes, pregnancy-related issues, and pelvic changes further increase the likelihood of back pain in females. Maintaining good muscle tone, correct posture, and addressing vitamin D deficiency are essential in reducing the risk of this pain in women.

2: Why back pain occurs when bending over?

Back pain when bending over can occur due to several reasons.

  • Lower Back Strain: Straining the lower back muscles and ligaments can cause excessive stretching and inflammation, leading to pain when bending over. This strain can be caused by repetitive stress, poor posture, or sudden movements.
  • Herniated Disk: A herniated disk occurs when the soft center of a spinal disk pushes through the tougher exterior, compressing nerves and causing pain. This condition can lead to weakness in one leg and numbness in the lower back.
  • Spondylolysis: A stress fracture in the spinal vertebrae, commonly seen in athletes, can cause pain when bending over. This condition is often treated with rest, NSAIDs, physical therapy, and sometimes surgery.
  • Arthritis: Various forms of arthritis, such as osteoarthritis, can affect the joints in the back, causing pain when bending over.
  • Poor Posture and Lifting Techniques: Improper lifting and bending techniques, such as bending at the waist instead of the knees and hips, can put excessive strain on the lower back, leading to pain.
  • Muscle Injuries and Inflammation: Damage to the muscles surrounding the spine can cause inflammation, leading to muscle spasms and pain when bending over.
  • Age-Related Changes: Aging can lead to degenerative changes in the spine, such as herniated disks and spinal stenosis, which can cause pain when bending over.
  • Lumbar Instability: An imbalance in the factors that contribute to lumbar stability can increase the risk of injuries and chronic pain when bending over.

These conditions can be treated with a combination of rest, physical therapy, medications such as NSAIDs, and lifestyle changes like maintaining proper posture and reducing stress.

3: Best mattress toppers for back pain?

The best mattress toppers for back pain are:

Nolah Mattress Topper – Best Overall

  1. Made with proprietary CertiPUR-US certified foam for pressure relief
  2. Available in plush and luxury firm options to suit different preferences
  3. Has a cotton blend cover with straps to secure it to the bed

ViscoSoft – Extra ordinary Cooling Mattress Topper for Back Pain

  1. Provides excellent pressure relief and contouring
  2. Helps regulate temperature for a more comfortable sleep

Saatva – Best for Back Sleepers

  1. Offers a good balance of support and comfort for back sleepers
  2. Helps maintain proper spinal alignment

Serta Thermagel Cooling Memory Foam Mattress Topper – Best Value

  1. Affordable option with cooling properties
  2. CertiPUR-US certified for content, emissions, and durability

ViscoSoft High Density Mattress Topper – Most Comfortable

  1. Provides excellent pressure relief and contouring
  2. Helps regulate temperature for a more comfortable sleep

When choosing a mattress topper for back pain, consider the firmness level, breathability, and overall comfort. Memory foam, latex, and microcoil toppers are good options as they can cushion the body and relieve pressure while maintaining proper spinal alignment.

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